Flock Games and Hobbies

Hobbies:

 

Kambala:

The popular folk sport which celebrate prosperity symbolizes the districts unique culture and tradition. Kabala or --- buffalo Race which to held under both traditional and modern format, draws tourists by thousands. A fortnight before the event, preparations get underway and the host village voluntarily subject themselves to several restrictions. During this period, cockfights are banned --- the villagers do not wage bet on cockfighting. Only after the completion of Kambala the entire village returns to its routine work like ---- the land and planting crops or conducting marriages. Members of - comminute, who are believed to be native dwellers of Tulu Nadu, are according high importance during the Kambala period. Members from the community go about heralding the event, by beating drums. On the eve of the event, Koragas keep vigil over the venue and just before the event, the members conduct a mock drill. On the day of the event, buffaloes decorated to the helt are brought to the venue along with their owners in --- in all --- splendour. The buffaloes are also decorated with talisman like a piece of - (left leg), among others toward of the evil eye.

Generally a race if traditional, is conducted symbolically. But the modern Kambala which are competitive are conducted under various categories including 'Haggada oata', 'Adda Halage', 'Negila oata' and 'Kani Halage'. These events are held under both junior and senior divisions - the events with exception to 'Kani Halage', are decided on the basis of the minimum time clocked to complete the race. However it is 'Kani Halage', which is the highlight of the event. Under this event, the winner is determined on the basis of the maximum height of water splashed by buffaloes. The Kambala is an unique sport which tests the physical endurance of both the 'Jockey' and the buffaloes.

Koli Anka:

This folk sport which enjoys equal patronage as Kambala. Koli Katta or Cock Fight, is organized through out the year and is full time job for those who raise these cocks. There are three types of "Katta" or cock fight depending on the occasion and the folk sport is observed from night to dawn and from 3 days to 30 days at a street.

Jathre Katta is observed during town fairs and nithya katta takes place near arrack outlets on a full moon or Amavasye. Under the third type, "Sodthi katta", a dual between two individuals is settled through the cock fight. The venue of the cock fight is called "kala", and before the actual fight a sharp knife called "baal" is attached to the leg of the cock. Process of selecting the pair for fight called as "Jodi Naadunu" is followed by the actual fight "Kori Muttunu". The fight which does not exceed more than three rounds is decided, when one of the cock runs away or is injured. The cock fight may be "Onti Katta" (Winner gets to keep two cocks) or "Otte Baal Katta" (where four cocks are fielded and winner gets three cocks) or "Medal Katta" (where a owner fields three cocks and the winner gets a gold medal) or the least popular "Pudai Katta" (where the cocks are covered under a basket and allowed to fight till death). Such is the passionate interest in the sport that people fix the venue date and the type of cocks based on as exclusive almane "Kukkate Panchage". The cock fight which is accomplished by betting and drinking is discouraged by the society.

Flock Games:

 

Kuttidonne:

This popular outdoor game is has poor boys mostly Kutti-Donne includes a thick stick-Donne and a smaller stick kutti, which is half the size of Donne. After a venue is decided of first strike is decided by the toss of a coin. A small pit is dug (Kuttida Guri), and the Kutti is placed on it. The player with help of his Donne must throw the 'Kutti" to a safe place. In doing so, if the Kutti is caught by the members of the fielding team, the player loses the right to play. If the Kutti, land safely a member of the fielding team throws the Kutti back to the striker. If the player files to connect and falls near the pit the player is declared out. But if the player is successful is straiking the Kutti he gets two more chances to play the Kutti. The game to decided on the total number of points, which is in terms of 'Chukke'. In fact 'Chukke' is the distance between the Kutti and the pit and is measured by 'Donne'. One Chukke is equal is seven times of Donne. Fun instance if the distance between Kutti and the pit is 35 'Donne', then the player garners five points.

 

Tharai muttavunu (Coconut Touching):

This very popular outdoor game is played under various forms. Two players collide their coconut against each other. A person whose coconut remains intact after the collision is declared winner and also gets to keep the coconut shells of the looser. Interestingly there are various parts on coconut shall, which are identified as "Eyes", "Back", "Stomach", "nrove", "boy", "girl", among others. Before the collision of coconut shells, the area of collision will be decided and both the players abide by the rule, by colliding their coconut shells on this same spot. In some instances, both players facing each other role their coconut shells on the ground. When the coconut breaks in the impact, its owner is declared looser. In some cases players coiled their coconut shells in mid-air too.

 

 

Chenne Aata:

A very popular indoor-game, this folk game is very much similier to 'Mankala' game played in South Africa, Indonesia, Philiphines and in Asia. In Integral Park of the Tuluva culture and tradition, researchers have concluded that the game was a very popular medium to attire youngsters to the intricacies, in farming (Tulunadu then predominantly was agrarian) and governance. There were 27 difference types, of which the knowledge of only 16 games are in public memory.

Earlier this game was played on a metal board, but today the board has been replaced with wood and is described as "Mane'. In the absence of specific dimensions the 'Mane's sizes range from small to big. Some types are just plain wooden board, raised 2-4 inches from the ground. Some have intricate carvings on all the four sides and elders insist that the bottom of the board must have carvings of serpents. (According to folk core the serpent gods had used this game).

The wooden board has totally 14 pits with seven feets distributed evenly on each side. In Tulu the feets are known as 'Kone' (Rooms), "Illa', 'Guri' some times the wooden board has additional chambers to store the 'Seeds' or shells. Depending upon the types game, it can be played between two to four people and severely tamarind seeds cowric shells, stones or bangle seeds are used as pawns. Under the very popular 'Chenne Aata' a total number of 56 pieces are disturbed equally, such that each 'Kone' has four pieces. The games played with a player emptying a pit and begins distributing the pieces either in clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. After dropping the last piece, the player moves on to the next pit and empties out all the pieces. During the course of play, if the player in the previous pit, the player looses hirs right to play and his opponent begins playing, by entying out a pit located on his side. If a pit has three pieces the player must skip the pit. But if the player to left with a last piece, he can add to the pit and take possession of all the four-pieces. After the completion of the first round, each players must step into the second round by filling up the pits with the pieces he has in his possession. If a player fails to fill up all his seven pits, the remaining empty pit is called 'potthu'. These empty 'pits' determine the game and when a player has more than four 'potthu'. He is declared loser.

According to historians this game was played between July and August, before the 'Khariff coop' (first crop) was harvested. As proof of its popularities and relevance, in the unique socio-cultural set up of Tulunada chennemane has many native terms. There are several, but peculiar don'ts. The game should not be played, between sisters between husband and wife, by children below 10 years. If players cheat, or lie, the player becomes in sane or faces dire consequences. Each don't has a folklore justifying why the rule has come into existence.

Kambata:

Like the musical chair, this folk-game can be played indoors, in the court-gard and in the garden. After making out tree stumps or 'pillars', one less than the number of total players involved, the players must run from a specified distance and touch the pillar. A player who is unable to do so, becomes ineligible. The lat player remaining is declared the winner. This game develops creativity and sensitivity.

Kappe Gobbu:

The game derives its name, because players hop like a frog. All players must assemble at a specified point (stating point) and in the crunching position must hop like a frog. A player, who reached the finishing end, is declared the winner. This game will increase the physical endurance and will make children mentally tough.

Kabbadi Games:

A popular Macho apart, the game derives its name, with each player repeating 'Kabadi', 'Kabadi'. The game is very similar to the 'Kabadi sport', which is received international acclaim.

Kangaroo Games:

With three players forming a structure close to a Kangaroo animal, they pluck leaves, fruits from tree. This is not a competitive sport, but only to amuse themselves.

Kusthi Games:

This is a mock versions of wrestling and includes three players. The two players after deciding the venue stand opposing each other and go through various for m of wresting with mock seriousness. The third player acting as a referee mocking separates them and will declare the winner raising the hand of the winner.

Palli Pattha (Lizard catch play):

This is a popular outdoor chase-game with difference. Two players are selected and are asked to catch other players. (Catching lizard). After two players are selected, they form a chain. One of the player acts like lighting up both the hands, even as he does so, other players scatter around the playground. The two who have chained begin chasing and catching others. The game ends if all players succeed in joining together and breaking the chain.

Sattikallu:

This is known as Shakti kallu in Kannada. Most of temples and places of worship in Tulunad have in the procession a huge oval shaped stone. During fairs and temple festivals, this sattikallu event is held, which tests the physical endurance of youths. A youth who lifts the stone to the maximum height is declared the winner. An award is later presented to the youth, after he completes a circle around the temple, carrying the boulder.